well, as you can see, a number of tropical systems did hit through the years. no storm took that path into southern new jersey like sandy did on monday. so, why this unusual path? why is it unseen until now? first off, important to note, tropical systems do spot in october. the atlantic hurricane season ends november 30th here, there is a secondary peak in october of tropical storm formation. in fact it is because the storm occurred so late in october, in my opinion, that it was able to take the path it did. through the fall, the jet stream migrates its way southward and strengthens, bringing shots of cold air southward with it. it was one of the cold shots of air, powerful one at that, that allowed sandy to become the super storm it did, and also that forced it to come inland at the sharp angle that it did. because of the storm's path. strong winds were directed inland at high tide. into the new york city area. into the new jersey beaches. this produced the devastating storm surge the like of which the region hasn't seen in recent memory if ever and hopefully will not see again for a long, long time. rob, paula, back to you.